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The English Military – Experience in the Seventeenth Century


Wednesday 30 October 2013, 2.30 – 6pm
The Studio, The Hive, Sawmill Walk, The Butts, Worcester, WR1 3PB

Guest Speakers

Professor Richard Cust
‘Chivalry and the gentleman in late Tudor and early Stuart England’
This will explore the extent to which medieval notions of chivalry continued to shape the conduct of the English gentry in the early modern period. It will investigate how far the experience of war remained a normal part of the lives of the social elite and how changes in the nature of warfare and the increasing professionalization of armies affected the continuity of chivalric attitudes on the battlefield. It will then analyse the ways in which these ideals continued to shape gentry experience notably though participation in the militia, equestrianism and the duel.
Richard Cust is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Birmingham. His research has focussed mainly on early Stuart politics and political culture. His two most recent books are Charles I. A Political Life (Longman, 2005) and Charles I and the Aristocracy 1625-1642 (Cambridge University Press, 2013).

Dr Andrew Hopper
‘Mobilization and maintenance: towards a new history of civil war armies’
This paper reviews the recent historiography of civil war armies, taking a comparative approach to the mobilization, funding and politics of armies in the three kingdoms during the civil wars. It appeals to military history to broaden its scope and make connections with cultural, political and social history in order to contribute to wider debates about the causes, course, consequences and experiences of the mid seventeenth-century crisis. It explores how future studies might focus on the social composition of armies, and how this affected commanders’ strategies and soldiers’ behaviour in combat, seeking to reconnect the relationship between the mobilization of resources and battlefield success. Many of this paper’s arguments will be published next year as a chapter in Michael Braddick (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the English Revolution (Oxford University Press, 2014).
Dr Andrew Hopper is Senior Lecturer in the Centre for English Local History at the University of Leicester. He obtained his doctorate from the University of York in 1999 for his thesis examining parliamentarian allegiance in Yorkshire during the first civil war. From 2000 he was a project researcher at the University of East Anglia, and he moved to the University of Birmingham to work as an AHRC Fellow on Professor Richard Cust’s project on Cases in the High Court of Chivalry 1634-1640 from 2003-2006. He is the author of twelve journal articles on the civil wars but is best known for his two monographs: Turncoats and Renegadoes: Changing Sides in the English Civil Wars (Oxford University Press, 2012), and ‘Black Tom’: Sir Thomas Fairfax and the English Revolution (Manchester University Press, 2007). He is currently researching the experience of war widows and orphans in mid seventeenth-century England.

Dr David Appleby
‘In redcoat rags: the disposal of Cromwell’s old soldiers 1660-1684’
This paper will address what happened to military veterans and war widows after the restoration of Charles II in 1660. Many thousands of Cromwell’s old soldiers were redeployed overseas, some being sent into foreign service, where they were deliberately brigaded with former royalists and Irish troops – a powder keg which had some unpredictable results! Tens of thousands of parliamentarian veterans returned to civilian life. Many settled peacefully in their communities, although they were continually monitored; others came into conflict with ex-royalist veterans, unsympathetic civilians and the Restoration authorities. In some instances veterans with psychological problems caused concern for local magistrates, as did the problem of what to do with thousands of maimed soldiers and war widows reliant on public charity, but now considered to have fought for the ‘wrong’ side. This paper is based on the author’s current on-going research in national and local archive repositories around Britain, which will eventually be published as In Redcoat Rags: Veteran Politics in Restoration Britain. Dr David J. Appleby is Lecturer in Early Modern British History at the University of Nottingham. He obtained his doctorate from the University of Keele in 2005, for his thesis on the farewell sermons of ministers ejected from the Church of England in 1662. He moved from Keele to take up his present position at the University of Nottingham in 2006. Apart from the odd foray into the nineteenth century, David has published on a range of seventeenth-century matters, with an emphasis on the post-conflict culture of the Restoration period. He is best known for the monograph, Black Bartholomew’s Day: Preaching, Polemic and Restoration Nonconformity (Manchester University Press, 2007), which was awarded the Richard L. Greaves Prize in 2010. In addition to In Redcoat Rags, David is currently writing A Short History of the English Revolution and the Civil Wars for I. B. Tauris, and researching a chapter on sermons and preaching for The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions (Oxford University Press, ed. John Coffey).

All welcome.

If you would like to attend, please reserve a place by sending an email to rsvp@worc.ac.uk or telephoning 01905 542276.

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