John Wilkinson (1728-1808) was a major producer of iron goods and contributed to the development of copper coinage.
He was part of a network of important Shropshire industrialists and improvers, an associate of Matthew Boulton and brother-in-law of Joseph Priestley, yet very little is widely known about this important contributor to regional and national history.
John Wilkinson was born in Cumberland, brought up in a non-conformist family and educated at a dissenting academy in Kendal. These academies were higher education institutions which provided an advanced education for non-conformists, who were prevented from attending Oxford and Cambridge for religious reasons.
His father, Isaac, worked at Little Clifton Blast Furnace, near Workington, now in Cumbria. The family invested profits from a patent for a box iron, used to frill cuffs, in a small iron foundry near Back Barrow, Furness, and later moved to the West Midlands area.
KEYWORDS: John Wilkinson, Iron, Matthew Boulton, Joseph Priestley, Shropshire, Enlightenment, Coins, Smethwick Engine, Steam, Steam Engine, Boulton and Watt, MetalDownload the Full Article (PDF)