The West Midlands Nail Trade


There is nothing more simple, more generally useful, or more efficient in its universal application, than a nail’ wrote the Commissioner of Patents in 1873.1 ‘Simple’ as nails might be, however, it was the manufacture of and trade in these highly functional objects that underpinned the industrial development of Birmingham and the Black Country.

Keywords: Nail trade, manufacture, industry, Black Country, nail makers

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Black Country Industry


A celebration of the city’s history and achievements, revealing the wonderfully rich diversity of Birmingham’s people. Illuminating little-known aspects of the city’s history as well as rethinking traditional events and activities. Presenting up-to-date historical and archaeological research to a general readership: locally, nationally and internationally. Written by experienced and distinguished...